Land Code

What is a Framework Agreement and Land Code?

The First Nations Land Management Act allows First Nations to opt out of 32 sections of the Indian Act relating to land management. The Framework Agreement provides the option to govern and manage reserve lands outside the Indian Act. The opportunity to regain control of reserve land through a Land Code can only be undertaken with the consent of the community. Upon ratification of a Land Code, First Nations can then develop their own laws about land use, the environment and natural resources and take advantage of economic development opportunities with their new land management powers.

ʔaq̓am Land Code

The members of ʔaq̓am voted in favour of the St. Mary’s Indian Band Land Code at a ratification vote held on April 14-16, 2014 and the St. Mary’s Indian Band Land Code came into effect on July 1, 2014. The ʔaq̓amnik̓ (members of ʔaq̓am) voted in favour of amendments to the St. Mary’s Indian Band Land Code at a Meeting of Members vote on February 25, 2016 which has become the ʔaq̓am Amended Land Code, 2016.


 Four Laws have been enacted under the Amended Land Code:

  • ʔaq̓am Matrimonial Real Property Law, 2015
  • ʔaq̓am Community Land Use Plan, 2016
  • ʔaq̓am Allotment Law, 2016
  • Trespass and Access ʔaq̓am Land Law, 2017

ʔaq̓am is currently drafting a Community Fire Protection Law.  See below to download Laws


Together, the Amended Land Code, Land Use Plan, Ka ʔamaknaⱡa - Our Thinking (Strategic Plan), and Lands Management Manual inform decision making in a manner that upholds the visions, values and goals of ʔaq̓amnik̓ (members of ʔaq̓am)



Contact our Lands & Resources Department

Land Code Planning and Implementation Manger, Courtney Fidler 250-426-5717 x.3584

Contact your Chief & Council.

Chief & Council, 250-426-5717